To anyone who hasn’t owned a chihuahua, they can all look alike. But there are several distinct and defined varieties. They are very different and have specific markers that can make them easy to pick out. So, here are seven different types of Chihuahuas.

Different Types of Chihuahuas

While there is still only one official breed of a chihuahua, read on to find out the different types of chihuahuas that you can find with this breed.

Coat Styles

Chihuahuas can be differentiated by the style of their coats. There are two main varieties; the smooth and long coat Chihuahua.

The different types of Chihuahuas
The different types of Chihuahuas

Smooth Coat Chihuahua

This breed is defined by its short, smooth coat. Shocking, I know. Because it’s got such short, easy-to-control hair, it sheds less than longer-coated breeds and requires less grooming and combing.

However, even short hair chihuahuas can shed quite a lot. So, for people with fur allergies, this is not a recommended breed.

Smooth coat Chihuahua
Smooth coat Chihuahua

If you’re looking for a lower maintenance breed, which requires less grooming and perhaps less bathing, this is a good choice. Smooth coat Chihuahuas come in various colors and come in both deer-headed and apple-headed varieties.

Long Coat Chihuahua

With longer, velvety hair that’s smooth to the touch as well as beautiful to look at, long coat Chihuahuas are a striking breed with a distinctive appearance.

Long coat Chihuahua
Long coat Chihuahua

Obviously, they have longer hair than smooth coat Chihuahuas’, and because of this, they require a whole lot more grooming. Daily brushing is probably necessary, and the occasional trim and more frequent baths are standard across this breed.

It’s no surprise that long coat Chihuahuas are a regular choice for competing in dog shows, especially once you realize that their coat can take anywhere up to three years to grow in completely. This breed also comes in apple head and deer head varieties.

Head Shapes and Breeds

Chi’s can also be differentiated by the shape of their head. In fact, you can tell which type of Chihuahua you’re looking at with just one glance, especially when you’re used to the different shapes.

Apple Head Chihuahuas

Unsurprisingly, this dog gets its name from its head, which is shaped like an apple.

Apple head Chihuahuas
Apple head Chihuahua

When you imagine a chihuahua, this is probably what comes to mind. They have a round head, large against the body, with wide eyes and a smaller muzzle.

Unfortunately, because of the breeding methods used in the past, dogs of this type can suffer from hydrocephalus, or fluid on the brain. If you’re looking to purchase an apple head chihuahua, it’s best to check if this condition runs in the family.

Deer Head Chihuahuas

Slightly less usual, deer head chihuahuas have longer, narrower heads with a longer snout. Deer head chihuahuas also tend to be longer limbed, possibly paired with a longer body.

Deer head Chihuahuas
Deer head Chihuahuas

In almost all kennel clubs and dog societies, deer head chihuahuas aren’t accepted as true breeds. However, they have far fewer health problems than apple head breeds, which makes them much better pets, especially if you have children and other dogs.

Teacup Chihuahuas

A teacup chihuahua is any chi that’s smaller than nine inches tall and weighs less than five pounds once fully grown.

Teacup type of Chihuahua
Teacup type of Chihuahua

They’re identical in looks and personality to a standard chihuahua, so it’s fair to say that this isn’t a different breed, just a designation amongst chi owners.

Pear Head Chihuahua

Pear head chihuahuas are generally an undesirable type of Chihuahua. This usually happens when an apple head chi and a deer head chi breed together.

Pear head Chihuahua
Pear head Chihuahua

When this happens, it is possible to end up with pups who have heads that are somewhere between an apple head and deer head breed, with flat skulls and longer, larger muzzles.

Fawn Chihuahua

You might also hear about fawn Chihuahuas. This isn’t a specific type of Chihuahua or a different breed. It’s simply a chihuahua that’s colored fawn.

Fawn is a color that you can see a lot amongst chihuahuas and there’s a large variety even amongst this coat coloring. So, if you hear someone talk about a fawn Chihuahua, they’re talking about its coat.


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